Psychological Skills training (PST) Psychological Skills training (PST) is a continuous practice of mental and psychological skills that can be used to enhance athletic performance, increase enjoyment, or further improve physical activity. Greenspan and Feltz (1989) reviewed 23 published studies on the effects of different psychological interventions (imagery, reinforcement, systemic sensitization) in many competitive situations and found that, overall, educational psychological interventions improved college and adult Athlete's athletic performance. PST learning can be divided into 3 stages: 1. Education phase This is the block I will educate before training, like what is motivation? How do I get rid of tension and anxiety? Or how to deal with troubles? You may think that PST is a skill only for athletes, but this skill is often used in the military field as well.
Janelle Hatfield (2008) pointed out that although there are Image Manipulation Service more stressors in military situations than in sports situations, the two are very similar in key issues such as training, decision-making, attitude, motivation, stress adjustment, and maintaining focus. The Army Center for Enhanced Performance has developed educational programs for this purpose to train Special Forces members. 2. Acquisition phase Some of the students in my training tend to get nervous or feel that their goals are too difficult to achieve. I would switch results orientation to focus on process, or break down goals into phased work phases. This stage focuses on strategies for practicing a variety of different mental techniques, and the techniques within them.
3. Practice phase Taking the example at the beginning of the article as an example, when Frank is familiar with coping skills, he can start practicing from imagery in the practice stage and move on to a real competitive situation. Ultimately, athletes can incorporate coping strategies into preparation and actual competition, and this process can also be recorded on paper.